HIS2503 Civilization Past and Present I

Reference Works

reference work is a book or serial publication that contains useful facts and information such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, thesauruses, almanacs, and catalogs. Generally, reference works are consulted for particular pieces of information, rather than read from beginning to end. Most reference works are compiled by a team of contributors whose work is coordinated by one or more editors rather than by an individual author. Updated editions are usually published as needed, in some cases annually (e.g., almanacs, who's who). NOTE: Dictionary definitions and very short encyclopedia entries can be used as a beginning point in your research, however, do not count these sources as one of the "minimum of three" academic resources. Interacting with more in-depth academic material will help raise your score.
Use the LC Subject Headings and keywords listed below to search the Reference databases. Try both single-use and combinations of words and phrases. There is an abundance of resources on these topics.
General Reference/More Inclusive Sources:
History by Historical Period:
Stone Age Societies:
Chinese Civilizations:
India, Early History:
Greece, Early History:
Eurasian and North African Civilizations, 500 B.C.-500 A.D.:
Roman Civilization:
Eastern Mediterranean World, A.D. 300-750:
Islamic World, A.D. 800-1300:
African Beginnings to A.D. 1500:
Middle Ages, A.D. 476-1500:
Dynastic Empires of Eurasia,1300-1650:
East Asia Cultural and Political Systems
Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600:
Later European Civilization and The Enlightenment:

Search Reference Books

Search Encyclopedia Britannica Academic

Search Terms/Keywords

Using LCSH (Library of Congress Subject Headings) to search for resources will, more often than not, yield the most relevant results. Below are some LCSH you can use to search for topics in your Project and/or CRA.  Be sure to choose the SUBJECT search field from the drop-down list (in Adanced Search) or include the search terms in quotation marks in the Basic Search box. Enter the SUBJECT search terms exactly as you see them.
You can also search by "keyword" in the All Text or Optional fields.


Suggested search terms:

LCSH Keyword
HISTORY, Ancient movable type
CIVILIZATION, Oriental printing press
HINDU civilization corruption
ISLAMIC civilization  
RADICAL Reformation  
LUTHER, Martin, 1483-1546  
CATHOLIC Church--History  

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