Biblical Studies


Alexander, David, et al. 1994. Eerdmans Handbook to the Bible. Grand Rapids: Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans.

Alexander, Pat, et al. 2017. Zondervan Handbook to the Bible. Grand Rapids: Mich.: Zondervan.

Blaiklock, E. M. 1987. Today's Handbook of Bible Characters. Wheaton, Ill. : Bethany. 

Fee, Gordon D. 2002. New Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors. Louisville, KY: Westminster. 

Halley, Henry H. 2012. Halley's Bible Handbook Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Hayes, J. H. & Holladay, C. R. 2007. Biblical Exegesis: A Beginner's Handbook. Atlanta: John Knox Press. 

Hayford, Jack. 1999. The Hayford Bible Handbook: The Complete Companion for Spirit-filled Bible Study  Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.

Mears, Henrietta. 2016. What the Bible is All About: Handbook. Wheaton, Ill. : Regal. 

Morgan, G. Campbell. 1982. Handbook for Bible Teachers and Preachers. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker. 

Musser, D.W. et al. 2011. New and Enlarged Handbook of Christian Theology. Rev.Ed. Abingdon Press.  

Pilch, John J. 2012. A Cultural Handbook to the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Unger, Merrill F., rev. by Gary N. Larson. 2005. The New Unger's Bible Handbook. Chicago: Moody Press.

Wilmington, Harold F. 2012. Wilmington's Guide to the Bible. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House. 

Study Bibles:

Bibles in Your Language (Ethnic Harvest) Online or Purchase. 

Carson, D. A. 2015. Zondervan Study Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Dake, Finis J.2014. Dake's Annotated Reference Bible. Lawrenceville, GA: Dake Pub. Inc. 

Hayford, Jack W., ed. 2015. New Spirit-Filled Life Bible. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson. 

Kantzer, Kenneth, ed. 2012. Life Application Study Bible. Carol Stream: Tyndale House.

MacArthur, J.F. 2015. MacArthur Study Bible. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson. 

Ryrie, C. C. 2011. Ryrie Study Bible.  Chicago, IL: Moody Pub. 

Stamps, Donald C. Fire BibleSpringfield, MO: Life Publishers. Available in multiple languages. 

Thompson, C. T. 2008. Thompson Chain-Reference Bible. Indianapolis, IN: Kirkbride Bible Co. 

Zodhiates, Spiros. 2015. Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study BibleChattanooga, TN: AMG Pub. 


Cruden, Alexander. 1737. Cruden's ConcordanceeBook Download.

Goodrich, E.W., et al.1999. Strong's NIV Exhaustive Concordance. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Kohlenberger, John, et al. 2000.  Analytical Concordance to the NRSV.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. 

Kohlenberger, John, et al. 2008. Zondervan TNIV Compact Concordance. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Moulton, M.F., et al. 2014. Concordance to the Greek New Testament. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.  

Nave, Orville J. 1973. Nave's Topical Bible Concordance. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson. 

Strong, James. 2004. Strong's NASB Exhaustive ConcordanceGrand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Strong, James. 1890. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance. BibleStudyTools.   

Thompson, C. T. 2008. Thompson Chain-Reference Bible Concordance. Indianapolis, IN: Kirkbride Bible Co. 

Torrey, R.A.  1897. Torrey's Topical Textbook. Murfreesboro, TN: Sword of the Lord. 

Torrey, R.A. 1830. Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeLondon: Samuel Bagster. 

Whitaker, R.E., et al. 2000. Analytical Concordance to the NRSV of the New Testament. Grand Rapids,MI:Eerdmans. 

Young, Robert. 1879. Analytical Concordance to the Bible. Internet  

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Anon. 2018. Ancient History Encyclopedia Online. 

Anon. 2018. Encyclopedia Mythica: Mythology. Folklore Online. Religion. 

Anon. 2018. Theopedia: An Encyclopedia of Biblical Christianity Online.

Alexander, T.D., et al. 2003. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch  Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Archer, G.L. New International Encyclopedia of Bible DifficultiesOnline. 

Arnold, B.T., et al. 2011. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Arnold, Clinton E. 2002. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds CommentaryGrand Rapids, MI.: Zondervan. 

Boda, M.J., et al. 2013. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Brown, Colin.1975-78. The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, Vol. 2. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Douglas, J.D., et al. 1987. New International Dictionary of the BibleGrand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Elwell, W.A. 1996. Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker.  

Freedman, D.N. 1992. Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vol.  New York: Doubleday. 

Green, J.B., et al. 2013. Dictionary of Jesus and the GospelsWheaton, IL: IVP.  [Use Blue Page numbers in index.]

Hastings, James, et al. 1916. Dictionary of the Bible OnlineNew York: Scribners.  

Hawthorne, G.F. et al. 2009. Dictionary of Paul and His LettersDowners Grove, IL: IVP.  

Herbermann, C. G., et al. 1907-1914. Catholic Encyclopedia OnlineNew York: Appleton. 

Kittel, G., et al. 1985. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Abridged.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Longman, T. 2008. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Manser, M.H,et al. 2009. Dictionary of Bible Themes Online.

Martin, R.P., et al. 2010. Dictionary of the Later New Testament. Downers Grove, IL: IVP.  

Orr, James, et al. 1939. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. 

Richards, Larry. 1993. Bible Difficulties Solved: Answers to more than 500 Baffling Questions from Genesis to RevelationGrand Rapids: Revell. 

Schaff, Philip. 1908-1914. Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Online. 

Silva, M. 2014. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Yamauchi, E.M., et al. 2017  Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical and Post-Biblical Antiquity. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.

Youngblood, R.F. 2014. Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Mostly online. Nashville, TN: Nelson. 

Zalta, E. N., et al. 2018. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy OnlineStanford, CA: Stanford University. 

Word Studies:

Anon. n.d. Blue Letter Bible. Online.

Balz, Horst, et al. 1990. Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.   

Baker, Warren. 1994. Complete Word Study Old Testament. Chattanooga, TN: AMG. 

Barr, J. 2004. Semantics of Biblical Language. Eugene, OR:Wipf & Stock. 

Botterweck, G.J., et al.Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Brown, Colin.1975-78. The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Brown-Driver-Briggs. 1906. Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon Dictionary. Online.  

Harris, R.L., et al. 2003. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. Chicago, IL: Moody. 

Jenni, E. et al. 1997. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament. Peabody: Hendrickson

Kittel, G., et al. 1985. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament: Abridged in 1 Volume. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Mounce, W.D. 2006. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words 

Richards, L.O., et al. 1991. Zondervan Expository Dictionary of Bible WordsGrand Rapids, IL: Zondervan. 

Robertson, A.T.  1930-1933. Word Pictures in the New Testament. Online. 

Silva, M. 2010. Biblical Words and Their Meanings : an Introduction to Lexical Semantics. Grand Rapids, IL: Zondervan.  

Spicq, Ceslas. 1994.Theological Lexicon of the New Testament.  Peabody: Hendrickson . 

Thayer, et al. 1889. Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary. Online.

Turner, Nigel. 1982. Christian Words (Used copies only).

Van Gemeren, W.A. New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (CD) Grand Rapids, IL:Zondervan. 

Vincent, M.R. 1887. Word Studies in the New Testament. Online. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. .

Vine, W.E. 1940. Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words.  Online. 

Wilson, William. 1987. New Wilson's O.T. Word StudiesGrand Rapids, MI: Kregel.

Wuest, K.S. 1961. Word Studies in the Greek New Testament.  Online. eSword

Zodhiates, Spiros. 1991. Complete Word Study New Testament. Chattanooga, TN: AMG.    

Zodhiates, Spiros. 2015. Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible. Chattanooga, TN: AMG.   .

Zodhiates, Spiros. 2016. Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible Spanish Edition. Chattanooga, TN: AMG.   .


Arnold, B.T.  2015. Encountering the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker. 

Beckwith, R. 2008. The Old Testament Canon of the New Testament Church and Its Background in Early Judaism. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock.  

Marlowe, Michael.  n.d. Bible Research: Internet Resources for Students of Scripture.  Online.

Birch, B.C., et al. 2011 A Theological Introduction to the Old Testament. Nashville, TN: Abingdon.  

Boadt, L. 1984. Reading the Old Testament.  Mahwah, NJ: Paulist.  

Brown, R., et al. 1997. Introduction to the New Testament. New Haven, CT: Yale. 

Burge, G.M., et al. 2009. New Testament in Antiquity.  Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Carson, D.A., et al. 2009. Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.   

deSilva, D.A. 2004. Introduction to the New Testament. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Gromacki, R. G. 2008. New Testament Survey.  Grand Rapids, MI: Baker.   

Hill, A.E., et al. 2010. Survey of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Jensen, Irving. 1981. Jensen's Bible Study Charts. Chicago, IL: Moody.  

Jensen, Irving. 1981. Jensen's Survey of the New Testament. Chicago,IL: Moody. 

Jensen, Irving. 1978. Jensen's Survey of the Old Testament. Chicago, IL: Moody. 

Longman, T., et al. 2009. Introduction to the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Metzger, Bruce. 1997. Canon of the New Testament. Oxford, UK: Clarendon.  

Patzia, A.G. 2011. Making of the New Testament. Downers Grove, IL: IVP.  

Witherington, Ben.2001. New Testament History.  Grand Rapids, MI: Baker. 

Zahn, T., et al. 1917. Introduction to the New Testament. New York: Scribners. 

Background and Archaeology:

Anon. 2005. NIV, Archaeological Study Bible: An Illustrated Walk through Biblical History and Culture. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Anon. 2015. NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Arnold, C.E., et al. 2002. Zondervan Bible Backgrounds Commentary: N.T. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Free, J.P., et al. 1992. Archaeology and Bible History. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Holden, J.M., et al. 2013. The Popular Handbook of Archaeology and the Bible: Discoveries that Confirm the Reliability of Scripture. Eugene, OR: Harvest House. 

Johnson, B.O. 2010. Background Materials for Teachers; OT Survey Course, Genesis -- Esther. Longwood, FL: Xulon. 

Keener, C.S. 2014. IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament. Downers Grove, IL: IVP.  

Moorey, P.R.S. 1991. Century of Biblical Archaeology. Louisville, KY: Westminster. 

Nicholson, Roy. n.d. Old Testament Gateway.  Online.

Price, J.R. 2017 Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Thompson, G.L. 2016. Bible Background: Geography. History & Daily Life of Bible Times. Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, Multi-ethnic Preseminary Program.

Vos, Howard. 1999. Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Manners and Customs. Nashville, TN: Nelson. 

Walton, J.H., et al. 2000. IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Walton, J.H., et al. 2009. Zondervan Bible Backgrounds Commentary Set: Old Testament. Grand Rapids,MI: Zondervan. 


Beitzel, B.J. 2007. Biblica: The Bible Atlas: A Social and Historical Journey through the Lands of the Bible. London, UK: New Holland. 

Beitzel, B.J. 2009. New Moody Atlas of the Bible. Chicago, IL: Moody.  

Brisco, T.V. 1999. Holman Bible Atlas. Nashville, TN: Holman.  

Curtis, Adrian. 2009. Oxford Bible Atlas. New York, NY: Oxford. 

DeVries, L.F. 2006. Cities of the Biblical World: An Introductions to the Archaeology, Geography, and History of Biblical Sites. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock. 

Holman eds. 2011. Holman QuickSource Bible Atlas. Nashville, TN: Holman. 

Miller, S.M. 2017. Who's Who and Where's Where in the BibleUhrichsville, OH: Barbour. 

O'Brien, J., et al. Atlas of Religion. Oakland, CA: Univ. of California Pr.   

Rasmussen, C.G. 2014. Zondervan Atlas of the BibleGrand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Wright, P.H. 2013. Rose Then and Now Bible AtlasCarson, CA: Rose.  

 Zollars, E.V. 1895. Bible Geography. Cincinnati, OH: Standard.


Barnes, C.R. 1884. Hand-Book of Bible Biography. New York, NY: Phillips & Hunt. 

Blaiklock, E. M. 1987. Today's Handbook of Bible Characters. Wheaton, Ill. : Bethany. 

Sears, Robert. 1842.  Bible Biography. New York, NY: Redfield. 

Whyte, Alexander. 2014. AMG Concise Bible Characters. Chattanooga, TN: AMG Pub. 

Whyte, Alexander. 2011. Bible Characters. PriMedia e-Launch. 

Biblical Theology:

Bruce, F.F. 1969. New Testament Development of Old Testament Themes. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Dodd, C.H. 1963. Old Testament in the New. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress. 

Dumbrell, W.J. 2009. Covenant and Creation: A Theology of Old Testament Covenants. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker. 

Dyrness, W. 1980. Themes in Old Testament Theology. Downers Grove, IL: IVP.  

Goppelt, L. 1981-1982. Theology of the New Testament. 2 vol. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.  

Grudem, Wayne. 2000. Gift of Prophecy in the New Testament and Today.  Wheaton, IL: Crossway. 

Guthrie, Donald. 1981. New Testament Theology. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Hagner, D.A., et al.  2012. Theology of the New Testament.  Cambridge, U.K.: Lutterworth. 

Hasel, G.F.  1984. New Testament Theology: Basic Issues in the Current Debate Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Hasel, G.F. 1991. Old Testament Theology: Basic Issues in Current DebateGrand Rapids: MI: Eerdmans. 

Hawthorne, G. 1993. Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Kaiser, W.C. 1991. Toward an Old Testament Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Martens, E.A.  2015. God's Design: A Focus on Old Testament Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker. 

Morris, Leon. 2011. New Testament Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Robertson, O.P. 1981. Christ of the CovenantsPhilipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian & Reformed. 

Sailhamer, J.H. 1995. Introduction to Old Testament Theology: A Canonical Approach. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Sauer, Erich. 2012. Dawn of World Redemption: A Survey of the History of Salvation in the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Sauer, Erich, et al. 1985. Triumph of the Crucified: A Survey of the History of Salvation in the New Testament. Grand Rapids,MI: Eerdmans. 

Vriezen, T.C. 1958. Outline of Old Testament Theology. Newton, MA: Bradford. 

Waltke, B.K. 2011.  Old Testament TheologyGrand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Commentaries on the Whole Bible:

Utley, Bob. Free Bible Commentary. Multilingual. Online.

Adeyemo, Tokunboh, et al.  Africa Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI:  Word Alive.  

Albright, W.N, et al. 1964-  Anchor Bible (Commentary). Garden City, NY: Doubleday. 

Anon. Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Online.  

Anon. Critical and Exegetical Commentary. Online. 

Carter, C.W., et al. Wesleyan Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI:  Eerdmans. 

Cross, F.M., et al. Hermeneia: a Critical & Historical Commentary on the Bible. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress. 

Dharamraj, Havilah, et al. 2015. South Asia Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Open Door. 

Fee, Gordon.  New International Commentary: New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.  

Gaebelein, F.E., et al. 1976-  Expositor's Bible Commentary: New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. 

Goodacre, Mark, et al. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Harrison, R.K. 1965. New International Commentary: Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Howley, B., et al. 1979. New Layman's Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.  

Mayes, J.L., et al. 1988.  Harper's Bible Commentary San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row.  

McComber, W.E.  Beacon Bible Expositions. Online. 

Morris, Leon.  2009. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Pfeiffer, C.F., et al. 1969. Wycliffe Bible Commentary. Chicago, IL:  Moody.   

Rydelnik, Michael, et al. 2014. Moody Bible Commentary.  Chicago, IL: Moody. 

Wenham, G.J., et al. 1994. New Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 

Wiseman, D.J., et al. 1967-  Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries.  Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 

Commentaries on Specific Books of the Bible: 

Carson, D.A.  2013. New Testament Commentary Survey. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.  

Holman, C.L. and R.J. Pannell. Bibliography for Biblical Studies. 

Longman, Tremper. 2013. Old Testament Commentary Survey. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.